Factors affecting patient compliance with compressive brace therapy for pectus carinatum

icvts_oxfordjournals_org_content_early_2014_08_26_icvts_ivu280_full_pdf

Lightweight, self-adjustable compressive brace designed for the treatment of pectus carinatum. Du-Young Kang, et al.

OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting patient compliance with brace therapy for pectus carinatum.
METHODS
Eighty-six pectus carinatum patients who started brace therapy from August 2008 to November 2011 were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: patients who wore the brace for ≥6 months (compliance group) or patients who wore the brace for <6 months (non-compliance group).

Factors affecting patient compliance were assessed at the last day of follow-up with a multiple-choice questionnaire. The questionnaire comprised seven items: pain at compression site, skin problems on compression area, confidence in brace treatment, shame, discomfort, initial result of bracing treatment and total number of factors affecting patient compliance.

RESULTS
Eighty-six patients completed the survey, including seven (8.1%) female patients and 79 (91.9%) male patients, with a mean age of 12.0 years at the time of treatment (range, 3–20 years).

The initial result of the compression period (P <0.001) and total number of factors affecting patient compliance (P <0.05) were significant predictors of patient compliance.

CONCLUSIONS
An initial successful result of the compression period may increase patient compliance during treatment for pectus carinatum.

Additional efforts to decrease pain, skin problems, shame and discomfort, and to give confidence may be beneficial in increasing compliance with bracing treatment.

Factors affecting patient compliance with compressive brace therapy for pectus carinatum, Du-Young Kang, Junho Jung, Sangho Chung, Jinkyung Cho and Sungsoo Lee. Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery (2014) Volume 19 Issue 6 Pp. 900-903. First published online: August 27, 2014.

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